Skip to main content

About your Search

20121006
20121014
STATION
SFGTV 131
LANGUAGE
English 131
Search Results 0 to 49 of about 131 (some duplicates have been removed)
SFGTV
Oct 11, 2012 6:00pm PDT
the report about governance issues, and whatnot, i wanted to clear up some misunderstandings about the comp position and work of the civil grand jury, some of which came out during the last meeting of the government audit and oversight committees. i know the supervisors here probably know how the jury works and what it encompasses so i ask for your indulgence given the fact that those who are watching do not. the california constitution state law requires a grand jury to serve from july 1 to july 30 of the following year. in san francisco the presiding judge of the superior court empanels two grand jury, one that's the indictment grand jury and we the civil grand jury report on matters of concern. the citizen watchdog of county government, the civil authority has authority to investigate and viewt niez the conduct of business of county government as well as the operations of various offices and agencies. the 19 of us, all citizens of san francisco, determine which officers, departments, and agencies the jury will investigate during its one year term of office. so during this year, we were r
SFGTV
Oct 11, 2012 3:00am PDT
in government, from claire mont college and a policy. >> good evening, everyone, candidates. >> good evening. >> this year we have two candidates for state assembly state 19, michael brior and phil tim. >> they will answer questions that you in the audience submit as well as the questions submitted to the league of women voters. in addition, the viewers from the senior center may submit questions on-line. the time keepers will hold up a yellow card to signify to the candidates that they have 15 seconds remaining and hold up a red card when it is time to stop. >> both have asked the supporters to be respectful of the candidate and the audience and to maintain the quiet during the forum, i also ask you to respect this commitment, please. >> you all have many important decision to make on november 6th, and today's forum will give you the opportunity to ask questions to help you make your decisions. now, let's begin. >> our first question is a very general... actually i want to start with one here that is from the richmond senior center sent in on-line. >> the census data, and we are going to st
SFGTV
Oct 5, 2012 8:30pm PDT
of the separate body governed by a five-member commission appointed by the appo inted by t hemayor with two specific seats for the districts. the primary districts for these areas; important for the board and approved by the mayor that the district included actual residents and stakeholders the successor agency commission. s in terms of the planning commission role, it is an change of the legislation, unchanged pre-dissolution when the board adopted resolution 1112 the creators oversight, that has been peeled off because state law has required it and the state department of finance has required that this oversight body simply just do fiduciary oversight, review and approve the payment schedules and other required functions under state law and a separate body governed by the structure under the city and county of san francisco, the board appointment -- rather the mayor appointments of those five seats goals of the normal board appointment processes all other commissions and boards. the board retains its authority over the redevelopment plans. pursuant to the contracts in place. a pr
SFGTV
Oct 11, 2012 3:30pm PDT
and there is an executive committee that deals with governance. i think with the new head of the commission and certainly all of us in this room paying more attention to the work that the staff is doing and the commission's doing, i think we can using existing framework to make progress. so with that i just want to reaffirm the mayor's strong commitment to the importance of art, and this department, art is such a rich part of our city and, you know, we are -- it's hard to hear negative things about work that we're doing. but i do think that we are on the right track. so i'm happy to hand the mic over to tom delaney now from the arts commission. thank you. >> good afternoon, supervisors. thank you for your time. and thank you. i just want to start by thanking the civil grand jury. i started in my role as director of cultural affairs on january 9 of this year and one of the things that came first light to me was there his there was an investigation by the civil grand yir and that caused alarm on my behalf about what i was getting into. but i think it was important for me as to note that we live in a city w
SFGTV
Oct 11, 2012 7:00pm PDT
of governance, some of the feedback in terms of the structure of the commission and now i've developed a biased of nine months, 10 months on the job i really feel this is a structure, this arts commission governance structure that built coit tower. this can work for us. this has been a governance structure that has worked throughout the 80 years of the commission. it has recently struggled. we've seen some challenges. i'm committed to proper education of commissioners so when they come on board they get the information they need. i think the real challenge has been an issue of transparency, of leadership, of communication between the director of cultural affairs and the commissioners. and i mentioned in this a recommendation. the president and vice president and myself now have monthly meetings where we go through any detailed level policy issues, we prepare for commission meetings, we grapple with policy issues. so i'm dedicated to keeping that line of communication open. i think -- accountability. how does a governing body establish accountability. i've asked for a 360 performance review so c
SFGTV
Oct 5, 2012 7:00pm PDT
quickly, the tifia loans are government's eligible for the loans during the private contractors that are working with the government. both. >> i think that you are going to see... this is a setting of what is to come, judging by the amount of the increase to the tifia program, i think that we are going to see a substantial growth in the innovative program in the future, transportation bills. >> project delivery stream lining a few key things that i would like to point out. this was one of the key goals of the house republicans. map-21 expands the category exclusions so that the pedestrian projects in an existing right-of-way or less than $75 million in federal funds will recognize an expedited time line, so this will bode well for some of the smaller projects in san francisco that had serious challenged because of a prolonged review face in order to get the clearance to utilize the transportation funds. establishing the criteria to complete the major projects in four years and also authorizing program solutions for projects without changing neba. they now have delegation to admi
SFGTV
Oct 7, 2012 10:00am PDT
and gentlemen, there's deeper history in what we're talking about with the city government channel. i'm the one that started that, i'm not going to get the hand for that because of same things the housing authority tenants went through 20 years ago. ladies and gentlemen, i am happy, tickled not pink by black right now because most of the tenants are african-americans. i stand here as the czar of the african-american out migration. i am so happy that my supervisor in the fifth district had the courage to come forward for something 25 years ago. we brought the needs of the redevelopment to the san francisco government channel. i can't say it all right now. i am ecstatic. i am so happy that the supervisors are doing something that i call community reform. we're going to show and demonstrate not only that department, but there are several other departments that need to come before the eyes of city government. i got a unique technique call in your face. right now in your face. i have been discriminated against. yes, commissioner wiener, you can yawn all you want. i am so glad kristina stepped forwar
SFGTV
Oct 11, 2012 3:00pm PDT
and attention that a stronger, more broadly based governing body can provide them. and it doesn't take much to make that happen we believe, and we'll talk more about that in a minute. we do believe that more community leaders are necessary in the commission to raise its stature in the community and if it does that it will find that raising funds from outside of the government will be more available, that getting support from outside of the government will be more readily available, and its interesting to note that these comments are reenforced by other -- by some of the people -- well, they will be reenforced by a past commissioner who serves with great esteem in the cultural arts affairs, and i hope you have an opportunity to read that as part of the responses. i'm not allowed to mention names, otherwise i would. so in summary for this portion, or this particular focus on governance, we believe that the work of the arts commission is too important to remain static, that it is living under a charter requirement that limits its potential to be a much more significant organization in the city
SFGTV
Oct 6, 2012 9:00am PDT
they not reacted immediately, they would not have been in that position. unfortunately, the way city governments work, if the money is not there and you can't close with very short time frame of due diligence, it is not going to happen. even as you get down the peninsula there are multiple users who would jump at the opportunity to find, one, a building of this size. 250,000 square feet building. two, a building that size on two acres. most will sit on eight acres. so the extra land * ten is driving some of the values up. the transaction james is talking about with dbi was formerly amb building on spruce. they moved into a 177,000 foot portion of an industrial building the sfo -- you know, san francisco's airport operation had leased prior to. their rent is significant more than the rent on this deal is. so the value in the market is there. that deal was negotiated three, four years ago. that lack of supply is what drives value. that is anything in the world. whether it is a commodity, food, precious gems, whatever it is. that is what is driving the value. i understand the concept of let's take
SFGTV
Oct 6, 2012 12:00pm PDT
with student government on city college of san francisco and i also just have an immense desire to see a lot more transportation improvements in the balboa park corridor. i have a great relationship with john avalos, supervisor avalos and i continue to work with trustee issues. that is the bulk of where a lot of riders are. we need a light rail [speaker not understood]. the second highest transportation [inaudible] outside of downtown. so, that's why i submit my application for seats 1, 2, 3 or 4. i think i'm eligible for all four of those. thank you. >> thank you, mr. walker. >>> good afternoon, supervisors. my name is henry kabane. he did submit an application already. before i tell you a little bit about myself, i just want to echo what supervisor elsbernd said about dan weaver. he is awe inspiring, a legendary neighborhood advocate and he would do wonders on this committee. a little bit about myself. i'm a practicing attorney in san francisco. i live in westwood park. i have a son who is now a sophomore at [speaker not understood] high school just adjacent to the balboa park station. i
SFGTV
Oct 8, 2012 6:30am PDT
city government into the business of making home loans. this is part of what brought on the economic crisis at the federal level, fannie mae and freddie mac giving out home loans to people who couldn't afford to buy and later had their houses foreclosed. we don't know what's going to happen in the housing market for the next 30 years. i think it's foolish to set aside increasing set amounts of money for the next 3 decades when we know right now that there's thousands of people living on the streets. why not just build as many affordable units now as possible and do that by getting government out of the way with all its red tape and regulations and taxes and union work rules that increase the cost of housing. that would be a better way to get affordable housing, not bringing back this redevelopment agency with its legacy of driving african americans out of the fillmore and they had slated more than half the bay area for redevelopment before they were shut down. >> anything you'd like to add, peter? >> there's a number of assertions from my opponent that are based in a misunderstand
SFGTV
Oct 8, 2012 5:00pm PDT
for on the balboa citizen's advisory committee. my city experience in terms of working with city government includes my current role at the mta citizen's advisory committee where i'm the vice-chair and also the chair of the engineering maintenance committee. i have served in the past couple of years ago as chair of the san francisco utility undergrounding task force and we succeeded in issuing a report. i've been involved for a number of years in the ocean avenue revitalization and involved in the development of the better neighborhoods plan around the balboa park bart station and ocean avenue. i'm a board member of the, probably the only property in the station area that has any nongovernment attachments to it, which is the historic geneva [speaker not understood] and power house which we're seeking to restore and occupy as a cultural center and were discussed -- that role is discussed in the balboa area plan. currently i'm serving as acting director of the ocean avenue cbd which comes right down to the entrance to the station area. in summary, i have a good understanding of muni's needs at the sta
SFGTV
Oct 11, 2012 3:30am PDT
and transparency to government and emphasis on education and those are all priorities. and i want to bring to sacramento. i always have been engaged in civic activities and my first campaign was six and senator kennedy. and i worked on al gore i was an intern in his office and volunteered in his campaign and i volunteered in new hampshire for obama and for nusome and lee. i have been on the library commission and i have a public service history in my family. my grandfather used to work for the school board. my dad is on the u.s. supreme court and so i believe that the pinnacle of a person's career is to make an impact on public service and when you see faith in our system of government dropping off a cliff, like it has, going from 80 percent to 20 percent, you see, something is wrong. something is not working. and when you have politics as usual, in sacramento, not being honest, not being transparent, not dealing with the problems and challenges of the future, we say that we have to change that. and so i want to bring that independent perspective, and that personal honesty and that willing
SFGTV
Oct 12, 2012 9:30pm PDT
is a crisis in america. and we do need government to start taking leadership around the issue. regardless of the merits of this particular proposal, one thing i want to bring to city hall is a locally sourced healthy food insurance. santa clara county recently band all vending machines from their county facilities and i think we can lead by example, whether it's city hall, hospitals or our schools we should insist on healthy foods and healthy food choices and teaching our children how to grow their own food and cooking. so i would like to see an increase in community garden and an increase in the city with leadership around this issue. >> mr. everest is this your third or fourth use of the time card? >> i know i am out of these. [ laughter ] well, if we finish early i will come back to you. >> all right. >> now a question for miss breed and mr. resignato. san francisco currently provides free or low-cost health care to residents who can't afford private health insurance and do not qualify for coverage from the state or federal government? do you agree with funding this for employees
SFGTV
Oct 13, 2012 1:00pm PDT
also a great kudos has to happen to our partners, both locally, regionally, and the federal government. we could not have done this without the 9-1/2 million dollars of recovery monies that we got through the federal government. we have herb schultz here from the department of human services federal government. they've been really at the forefront with us. certainly dan bernel representing leader pelosi. she has been really a stalwart fighter. when everybody was cutting funds, she preserved that money for us. and, of course, i've got to put out a big, big thanks to president obama because without that recovery money, we wouldn't be here talking about this today. so, thank you, president obama. (applause) >> and leader pelosi, federal partners working with our local folks here. that's how we get these things done. and then i want to just give a special shout out to dr. colvax who is here. i know he gave such you an incredible dedication when he was the head of the hiv unit while he was here. we're changing stories now that he's at the head of the national office on hiv policy and the na
SFGTV
Oct 9, 2012 10:30pm PDT
they are run by7-bív our increasingly government by private public-privatei partnership. i can't completely -- or at least0dkse properly talk about what just happened, but i think there's aw price that's relative to that, and that's also relative toiht the public-private partnership which is the loss of credibility that you rvÑ see here, you see in many, many places. the public l pepy is just the most extreme example of'%sz that -- of an institution, the purpose of which is to maintainiañ'y(spáj barriers and promote the influence of private money. there is noge5jtá ((r&ity for the public money that is spent on it. there is no accountability for private mone it. there is no accountability for where that private money(bp6[ goes. most of all there is no accountability for the sunshine and ethics violations that allowzmw them to operate with impugnity. as i said many timeso. cost is the credibility in our society. no onehÑ6 believes you. no one believes anything in our society.i@wÑ there's a quotation i've used
SFGTV
Oct 12, 2012 8:00pm PDT
be extended. it was disturbing. first of all, one of the things idea that the federal government can somehow keep a city or any government frasa:@r protectinge health of their people. we cannot regulate the health of our people because of a federal regulation. that's ridiculous. in fact, the federal regulation is much, much more narrow than that. the second thing is the at&t argument that the issue that they're worried about is tissue warming. it's a very typical thing in industry for the industry to throw out a kind of red herring that throws you off track. the one thing we know about microwaves from experience is it does not generally warm things. the effect on the body is much more precise than that. and it really is out of respect that this body did the right thing tonight that i'm bringing that to your attention tonight. >> president chiu: are there any other speakers? please step up. >> good evening, supervisors. what a night. i feel relieved but not in any way jubilant. i wanted to give you some comment about public comment. i've stood in these chambers a number of times and watched
SFGTV
Oct 5, 2012 7:30pm PDT
engagement is extremely important to the way we run government in san francisco. it has always been about public engagement. we need the last bodies come a different viewpoints, different economic classics -- classes, ethnicities, and regions of the city to be well-represented on everything we do because that is what makes our city great. it is that the verse you point coming together to focus -- it is that diverse viewpoint coming together to focus and figure out with the public what it is that we should do, that it is time well, well thought out, and what we need to do to show the rest of the country that this city can work itself out of the economic doldrums and into presenting hope and economic opportunity for everybody, no matter their backgrounds. we also reflect our regional values in this city in many different ways. we want to continue selecting people who will make sure government and all of our programs are open to everybody. i want to thank each and every one of the people in front of me today representing the different bodies we are about to make appointments to and thank you
SFGTV
Oct 9, 2012 5:30am PDT
marks the very first time that any local government has gone >> technical difficulties; please stand by >> and was instrumental in the creation of proposition 8 against gay marriage and has made comments that catholic practitioners from the queer community abstein from holy community. recently the same persona apologized for his arrested on suspicion of drunk driving, behavior that he thought brought shame and disgrace on himself and the church. i wish he would issue a similar apology to the queer community. many in our community take years to accept their identity and sometimes longer still to return to their faith. these words are lacking in compassion and in many ways seem to defy the very basic principles of the new testament, values that include love, acceptance, tolerance and understanding. >> thank you, supervisor olague. supervisor campos. >> thank you very much, madam clerk. i just want to add my 2 cents to the statement by supervisor olague. we welcome the new archbishop to the city and county of san francisco. i believe that he officially takes office on thursday of this w
SFGTV
Oct 9, 2012 2:30pm PDT
that the people have determined for themselves about how they wish to be governed. and one of the ways that the people would like to be governed is they would like to have a process, and have votes -- this process, whereby officials who may have already -- whom they have already elected can be removed from office if they commit official misconduct after the election. and you're here really to enforce the people's judgment that they are asking their mayor, their ethics commission, the board of supervisors, to take action, to protect them from officials who commit official misconduct. the people have also given you the mayor and the ethics commission a definition of official misconduct. it requires wrongful conduct by a public officer in relation to the duties of his or her office. now, the sheriff can test the ethics commission findings that his crime and his conviction and his sentence constitute official misconduct because he had not yet taken the oath of office when he attacked his wife. he says there's no relationship between his misconduct and the duties of his office. and he also
SFGTV
Oct 11, 2012 8:00am PDT
is against us, andzzje our freedom of cho, and speech that undery[-áot atty our federal government and our country is out of control. we need to start at a local level and start supporting our good police department, so they can protect us, our constitutional rights are so important. and this is happening all over the country. our governors, our judges, our prosecutors, our mayors, are all in bed together. they're not protecting our rights. they go to the same resorts and clubs. our system is archaic. this is happening in every part of the country, such as the city that imfrom, south san francisco, and -- mayor, mr. vando with the police department and officer sad aki removed me out of our property illegally destroyed a small community building garden, organic shop, and a florist. we are not going to support this evil government, or your department. enough. we had -- with this that's happening. we are with you, mr. ross. we're going to support you. occupy south san francisco.com. thank you very much. >> president chiu: thanks. next speaker. >> good evening, everyone. my name is ernestin er
SFGTV
Oct 5, 2012 8:00pm PDT
is completed; we are reviewing it as part of the local government responsibilities. the second item at the hpc is a confirmation of the nomination of the -- building located in the sunset district. in my last report the building was occupied by henry dolger in the soffit area for over 40 years, significant not only by the association with mr. dolger but also by -- the deco design. hpc unanimously approved a nomination, schedule for a final vote by the board of supervisors sometimes before the end of this year. that concludes my report. i'm happy to answer questions. >> mr. fry, could you clarify something for me? i've been the recipient of a number of phone calls, not dolger but the previous one. didn't the hpc take action about the boundaries of what the historic district should be? >> at yesterday's hearing ? >> previously. >> the phc revisit took action on the boundaries of the survey but we have not seen any national registration justification; the hpc the planning department hasn't commented on those boundaries at the time. >> then how is it that the planning staff can take a po
SFGTV
Oct 6, 2012 1:00pm PDT
of the things that, in the good government guide, the city attorney has recommended the commissions grapple with this issue and think about having policies about e-mail, texting and communications because of their ability to be easily forwarded by other individuals. does that answer your question? >> i am going to request from our attorney any information related to what we just kind of flushed out. the forwarding. because if someone is not acting with our agency, then i don't think they can attend a meeting for us. so i'm real curious about the priority. we're all engaging in those electronic communications. that's something that piqued my interest. >> i just said -- i would recommend we have a conversation about that because it seems highly unusual to me that a third party can somehow without our knowledge, create liability under the sunshine ordinance and put us into a meeting together. but i understand why we would want to avoid that outcome, i'm requesting that specific information so that we can have the liberty of reviewing. >> i would be happy to provide the background on the meetin
SFGTV
Oct 6, 2012 10:30pm PDT
to build that spirit out. and that spirit, the collaboration, that volunteerism will push us in government to do the right policies and open up more government were to the ideas that our neighborhoods have about building strong cities. thank you for being here. i want to thank all the sponsors from the hilton who is hosting as here to all the organizations, to our partners in ecology, the think tanks that help keep us going and give us better ideas around the country as how we can do it. today, we are 70% recycling, -- 78% recycling, the highest in the nation. i hope we will get 2 1/2% with your help. thank you very much. [applause] stupak >> welcome to "culturewire." today we are at recology. they are celebrate 20 years of one of the most incredibly unique artist residency programs. we are here to learn more from one of the resident artists. welcome to the show, deborah. tell us how this program began 20 years ago. >> the program began 20 years ago. our founder was an environmentalist and an activist and an artist in the 1970's. she started these street sweeping campaigns in the city. she
SFGTV
Oct 7, 2012 6:30am PDT
government can do and we really need to begin to hold our private partners accessible. if you are truly look to recruel talented african-americans to come and live in this city, to work for our corporations, to establish businesses then we need to go and speak to them where they are. thank you. >> thank you. supervisor olague? >> yes, i just wanted to thank supervisor cohen for her comments. because we don't talk about inmigration enough and then sometimes when we have talked about the local hiring around construction, i wonder how do we make sure some that some of those folks from the community, who have been displaced or who are part of the outmigration, how can they access some of those jobs? so i think there are more conversations that we need to have around that sort of thing, but thank you for your comments. >> thank you. >> i think that my understanding is that this gentleman asked about the who is being excluded from the right to return legislation? i think the only households that i understand would be excluded would be those who have been evicted. so if you have not been evi
SFGTV
Oct 7, 2012 2:00pm PDT
democracy itself. these are crimes against the whole way in which we expect our government to function. and for the press to function. and so these are very serious and should be considered very seriously. and in general if you hear what i say, i am in favor of strengthening rather than weakening sunshine. thank you. >> good evening, members of the commission and members of the community. both in this room and in san francisco. i watched the ethics commission meeting final hearing on 9-1-1 and i was stunned there was no court reporter. all the way through the mirkarimi hearings there has been a court reporter. there is no way to reference transcripts on sfgtv, we know that is not a court reporter. and i was stunned that i couldn't find the minutes and whether they were in april or may. i counted seven or eight or nine or 10 meetings on minutes. that were approved at once. and i had no way to read them. i am a disabled person and representing the disabled community. and damn it all, when we can't read this stuff and running them out of a job. and elected with 10,000 more votes than ed l
SFGTV
Oct 7, 2012 2:30pm PDT
to the consideration of governing of the complaint of alleged violations of the sunshine ordinance and referrals of complaints from the sunshine ordinance task force. for those who have not read the paper copy of their own agenda. there is no indication on the paper copy that there are any documents whatsoever related to this agenda. and in fact i have in my chair next to me three documents that maybe related to this. and when you start talking about this section and that section, and decision points. are you talking about ethics commission regulations for complaints alleging violations of the sunshine ordinance? none of those words are in the agenda. or are you referring to another document called attachment "b" for regulations and enforcement proceedings. is that what are talking about? or my goodness is it this memo regarding sunshine ordinance complaints. it would be very helpful to everybody if you not only listed on the written agenda what the documents are that in question. but which ones are you talking about. so out of the dozens of pages we can find exactly what is discussed. i am sorr
SFGTV
Oct 7, 2012 6:30pm PDT
're not going to move backwards. we have to move forward and i want our city government to move forward at the same time. something that i had hoped not to see on the ballot, an effort to tear down our hetch hetchy and question whether and where we would ever get the cleanest water this country has from the hetch hetchy source. i have said over and over again this dangerous and misguided effort, it will be disasterous for our economy and some people out there are sulgting we can tear down this dam and still get enough water for our residents and businesses and i tell you, that's simply not true and it is insane. (applause). now, that's what's going on. what about looking forward? since this is a breakfast, to look forward. major development projects like forced cities 5m project to preserve the ionic chronicle building and preserve 4 acres of underutilized parking lots and industrial structures into an urban mixed use campus, we are getting that done. the muscone expansion project will assure our convention center remains a linchpin of our city's tourism sector and you know we have
SFGTV
Oct 10, 2012 11:30pm PDT
, then is the contractor storage fee sort of a duplicative item? >> we're governed by prop 218 in terms of the fees we can charge, we're more or less at 100% fee recovery, there's no duplication, there's the processing on our side that would be in the administrative fees and there's the contractor's cost and that's what we're recovering. >> and then just i guess a question about whether or not the mta has determined that there's any way to reduce the administrative tow fee, are there ways to find efficiencies in that area to control it, can we get a better rate than 210? >> it's possible. it was something early on in my tenure that i got a question from the board of supervisors about how high our tow fees were, and as a result of my inquiry, i got at the time a more detailed breakdown, i asked to the extent folks had looked at ways of reducing the cost and basically the answer i got back was that this was as low as we could go and recover our cost, so with all of these things, particularly a fee that is so kind of painful to folks, we'll certainly look both with we bid the contract and as we move to the n
SFGTV
Oct 11, 2012 8:00pm PDT
be best to support kind of ongoing either governance structure of the organization. so as the civil grand jury knows to increase the number of at large members that is a charter amendment, requires going to the voters. that's something i am open to looking at going forward for sure. but the first election that would be would be next november. so we have some time in the middle here to come back and hear from tom and see how things are going. so i'd like to proposes recommendations 1 through 3 require further analysis. >> can you hear me? under the state rules, you would have to actually provide some more specificity on sort of how that analysis will be conducted and the timeframe. >> president farrell: so when i suggest in six months to have the director come back, and provide an evaluation, and -- of all of those potential options, and i would like to hear from tom after six months going forward. would that be sufficient enough? >> uh-huh. >> sure. i'll go along with six months. and i'm not going to be here in six months but i would say i think a charter amendment is something i would co
Search Results 0 to 49 of about 131 (some duplicates have been removed)